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Steps to take if CAS puts child for public adoption
in Family Law child protection proceedings
When the Children's Aid Society (CAS) places a child who is in extended society care for adoption, this is called a public adoption. Public adoptions can be open or closed. An “open” adoption is when an adopted child or their adoptive parent continues to have contact with a birth parent, relative, or someone else after adoption. They can have contact with more than one person too. How they stay in contact depends. They may communicate by letters only. Or they may stay in contact in other ways too. For example, through email, phone calls, or by meeting in person.
There are 2 ways to have contact:
Through an openness agreement, which is an out-of-court agreement between the adoptive parents and the person they want to have contact with.
Through an openness order, which is a court order that says the child can have contact with the person named in the order.
When CAS plans to place your child for public adoption, they must consider the benefits of an openness agreement or an openness order. There can be more than one openness agreement or openness order.
Sometimes CAS must let certain people know if they plan to place your child for adoption.
Who CAS must tell depends on whether:
there is an access order related to your child
your child is a member of or identifies as First Nations, Inuk, or Métis
If CAS plans to place your child for adoption, your child and anyone who has an access order to your child must be told this by CAS.
This is why it's important to get an access order to your child. How the access order is worded is important. If you want the right to apply for an openness order, you should ask the court to be the “access holder” to make it clear that you have the right to ask for an openness order in the future.
If there's no access order, CAS can apply for an openness order. A birth parent wouldn't be able to apply.
If you or your child is a member of or identify as First Nations, Inuk, or Métis, CAS must also consider the importance of developing or maintaining your child's connection to their bands or communities. CAS must think about an openness agreement or an openness order to allow contact between your child and a member of each of your child's bands and communities.
If your child can say how they feel about contact or communication, their views must be taken into account before an agreement or order is made. This gets more important as your child gets older and more mature.